Ubuntu下安装LNMP

1. 安装MySQL

sudo apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client

安装过程中需要输入root用户的密码

2. 安装Nginx

sudo apt-get install nginx

安装完成后重启一下Nginx服务

sudo service nginx restart

重启后就可以访问loalhost或者127.0.0.1地址了,会看到Nginx的欢迎界面。

3. 安装php-fpm作为我们的php解析

sudo apt-get install php5-fpm

4. 这时候可以修改一下Nginx的站点配置,Nginx的站点配置文件存放在/etc/nginx/sites-availble/default

server {
    listen   80; ## listen for ipv4; this line is default and implied
    listen   [::]:80 default ipv6only=on; ## listen for ipv6
 
    root /usr/share/nginx/www;
    index index.php index.html index.htm;
 
    # Make site accessible from http://localhost/
    server_name localhost;
 
    location / {
        # First attempt to serve request as file, then
        # as directory, then fall back to index.html
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.html;
        # Uncomment to enable naxsi on this location
        # include /etc/nginx/naxsi.rules
    }
 
    location /doc/ {
        alias /usr/share/doc/;
        autoindex on;
        allow 127.0.0.1;
        deny all;
    }
 
    # Only for nginx-naxsi : process denied requests
    #location /RequestDenied {
        # For example, return an error code
        #return 418;
    #}
 
    #error_page 404 /404.html;
 
    # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
    #
    error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
    location = /50x.html {
        root /usr/share/nginx/www;
    }
 
    # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
    #
    location ~ \.php$ {
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
        # NOTE: You should have "cgi.fix_pathinfo = 0;" in php.ini
     
        # With php5-cgi alone:
        #fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
        # With php5-fpm:
        fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        include fastcgi_params;
    }
 
    # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
    # concurs with nginx's one
    #
    location ~ /\.ht {
        deny all;
    }
}

主要将原本php解析被注释掉的一些代码去注释,其次你也可以更改你站点的目录。注:第48行和50行选择其中一个注释掉即可,但是要注意你的/var/run/下是否有php5-fpm.sock这个文件。

5. 安装php5相关的一些组建,通过下面的这条命令来查看都有哪些组件可以安装。

sudo apt-cache search php5

一般情况下,安装这些组件就足够了。

sudo apt-get install php5-mysql php5-curl php5-gd php5-intl php-pear php5-imagick php5-imap php5-mcrypt php5-memcache php5-ming php5-ps php5-pspell php5-recode php5-snmp php5-sqlite php5-tidy php5-xmlrpc php5-xsl

6. 重启服务

sudo service php5-fpm restart
sudo service nginx restart

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